Mikroekonomikos analizė (GRAE003)

Course description

The course explores determinants of industrial competitiveness and successful economic development viewed from a bottom-up, microeconomic perspective. While sound macroeconomic policies and stable legal and political institutions create potential for industrial competitiveness, wealth is actually created at the microeconomic and firm levels. The sophistication and productivity of firms, the vitality of industrial clusters, and the quality of the business environment are the ultimate determinants of the productivity and innovation capacity of nations, regions and industries.

This course examines both advanced and developing economies and addresses competitiveness at multiple levels – nations, subnational units such as states or provinces, particular clusters, and neighbouring countries. The course is concerned not only with government policy but also with the roles that firms, industry associations, universities, and other institutions play in competitiveness. In modern competition, each of these institutions has an important and evolving role in economic development.

The course explores not only theory and policy but also the organizational structures, institutional structures, and change processes required for sustained improvements in competitiveness.

This is a distinctive graduate course offered in cooperation with prof. M. Porter and a team of his colleagues at Harvard Business School (HBS). It is designed to be taught to second year MBA students at HBS and affiliates of the Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness at Harvard Business School (

Course Aims

The main aim of the course is to enable the students to integrate and activate general knowledge on competitiveness in order to make analytical managerial decisions. The course focuses on the environment in which global strategy is developed at the corporate, business and operational levels. Particular attention is paid to the processes, competencies and vision of top management, competitive positioning, understanding comparative costs.

Part of the purpose of the course is to expose students to some of the most successful countries and regions. In addition to cases, there are readings, a series of lectures, and videotaped appearances by guests who are national, regional, or business leaders involved in the cases studied or experts on the issues discussed in class.

Learning Outcomes of the Course

On completion of this course successful students will enhance their skills for formulating strategy by developing an understanding of a firm’s operative environment. They will master a range of analytical tools and demonstrate the ability to take an integrative point of view in using these tools to perform in depth analyses of industries and competitors, predict competitive behaviour, analyse how firms develop and sustain competitive advantage over time.

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Understand the major elements of competitiveness.
  • Understand the role of clusters.
  • Understand the interaction between the micro level (entrepreneurial activity), meso level (regional clusters) and macro level (national policy).
  • Understand the complex relationship between government activity and business activity within institutions for collaboration.
  • Apply their knowledge in the framework of a concrete research project for a concrete country and cluster. 
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